Deep learning vs machine learning: Understand the differences

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The simplest and fastest algorithm is linear (least squares) regression, but you shouldn’t stop there, because it often gives you a mediocre result. You’ll notice that there is some overlap between machine learning algorithms for regression and classification. Training data teach neural networks and help improve their accuracy over time.

Deep learning vs. machine learning

Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) are two most prominent branches of these fields. If you wish to unravel the differences between both and shed light on what sets them apart in the vast AI landscape, you’ve come to the right blog. Read this blog to learn the differences between Deep Learning vs Machine Learning as we guide you through their real-life applications and examples. If you’re working with large machine learning or AI workloads and want to learn more about a cloud storage solution that will empower your efforts, contact us to learn more about what WEKA can do for you.


Instead, he created an algorithm that enabled the computer to play against itself thousands of times so it could “learn” how to perform as a stand-alone opponent. Simply put, an algorithm is not a complete computer program (a set of instructions), but a limited sequence of steps to solve a single problem. For example, a search engine relies on an algorithm that grabs the text you enter into the search field box, and searches the connected database to provide the related search results. As the world of AI keeps rapidly expanding, the “Deep Learning vs Machine Learning” debate becomes more prominent due to their distinct methods. Machine Learning offers foundational data analysis, while Deep Learning utilises intricate neural designs.

Deep learning vs. machine learning

With millions or even billions, of data points at their disposal, DL models refine their accuracy and predictive capabilities to a degree often unattainable by traditional ML models. Some of the transformations that people use to construct new features or reduce the dimensionality of feature vectors are simple. For example, subtract Year of Birth from Year of Death and you construct Age at Death, which is a prime independent variable for lifetime and mortality analysis.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

Machine learning typically runs on low-end devices, and breaks a problem down into parts. Each part is solved in order, and then combined to create a single answer to the problem. Well-known machine learning contributor Tom Mitchell of Carnegie Mellon University explains that computer programs are “learning” from experience if their performance of a specific task is improving. Machine learning algorithms are essentially enabling programs to make predictions, and over time get better at these predictions based on trial and error experience. It is common to use these techniques in combination to solve problems and model stacking can often provide the best of both worlds. Maybe a deep learning model classifies your users into a persona label that is then fed to a classical machine learning model to understand where to intervene with the user to retain them in the product.

Deep learning vs. machine learning

This guide will help you start to understand the differences between ML and DL. While this is an isolated example, the underlying principles of deep learning mean that many believe it is the first type of machine learning technique that could lead to truly functional unsupervised learning. If you’re curious about pursuing a data science career, our data science course covers entire modules devoted to machine learning, deep learning, and natural language processing. Machine learning tends to require structured data and uses traditional algorithms like linear regression. Deep learning employs neural networks and is built to accommodate large volumes of unstructured data. In supervised and unsupervised learning, there is no ‘consequence’ to the computer if it fails to properly understand or categorize data.

Top 18 Artificial Intelligence Applications

There could be many other features to test for and the set is not exhaustive. In this study, we kept the scope to a generic CNN architecture particularly since many of the methods such as deconvolution or guided backpropagation, for instance, are only applicable to CNN architectures. This was also informed by the literature which suggests that majority of EEG studies are using CNN models8. However, there exists different variants retext ai of deep learning models such as CNN with attention modules and/or residual connections, Transformer models, Recurrent Neural Networks etc. This would involve further detailed analysis exploring the effects of these variations. We hope this work will stimulate and introduce a framework wherein future studies can leverage the approach of simulation and use learning from this study to answer some of these interesting questions.

Deep learning vs. machine learning

The biggest difference between deep learning and machine learning is complexity. For a neural network to be called “deep,” it must contain at least three layers—one for input, another for output, and one or more hidden layers that allow for hierarchical processing. Neural networks that have only two layers, for input and output, are considered machine learning rather than deep learning. One type of hardware used for deep learning is graphical processing units (GPUs). Machine learning programs can run on lower-end machines without as much computing power.

  • The final output layer, based on the features extracted by the hidden layer, tries to predict a value.
  • In the cases where you need to understand what to change to get a different result, revert to classical machine learning models or use them in addition to deep learning models.
  • Often perceived as the next frontier in AI evolution, Deep Learning delves even deeper into the complexities of data interpretation.
  • Machine learning is about computers being able to perform tasks without being explicitly programmed… but the computers still think and act like machines.